There was a time when when people used to have an early morning strolls in public parks or go for a trek in nearby hilly regions. Today people pay extravagant amount in search of natural beauty, calmness from the disturbed world and to experience nature which was decades ago on our door step. The changing environmental situation is deteriorating at an alarming rate and requires immediate attention. Scientists, environmental specialists and geologists have raised concerns over the issue of global warming and life threatening consequences if the situation is not addressed in time. Today in every international summit the environmental degradation concern is given top priority. Paris agreement on climate change was signed by 195 nations in 2016 to address the situation. The question is: What has contributed to the increase in temperature of Earth’s surface?
The world takes pride in industrialization and globalization phase of 21st century. We have numerous products and numerous industries to build products which emit and employ hazardous materials. The waste emitting from these industries are discharged into the biosphere. Various industries employ precious natural resources as their raw material, for instance paper industry require the use of wood which is certainly derived from felling of trees, coal: which are non renewable resources. These also emit toxic gases into atmosphere. Air conditioners and refrigerators emit chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which is depleting the ozone layer causing skin cancer as harmful UV rays are able to trespass the protective blanket. Extreme air pollution is more vivid now in New Delhi and Delhi is the most polluted city in India today. The AQI has reached 900 which is regarded as the emergency state of air pollution. 35% of New Delhi’s contributor is due to the stubble burning by farmers from Haryana, Punjab and UP. In the capital city people are resorting to anti pollution masks for activities as common as breathing.
Brazil witnessed the widespread fire in Amazon tropical rainforest which shocked the world and the issue was majorly discussed in G7 summit in Biarritz, France. Amazon is known as the “lungs of the planet”, as it absorbs vast amount of CO2 and supports 20% of Earth’s oxygen. It is also home to 1 million indigenous people from 500 tribes as well as 3 million species of plants and animals. Brazil had received threatening trade deals from Ireland and France, if it failed to take urgent steps in curbing the fire. Brazil had to adopt armed forces in order to extinguish the forest fire which also caused economic loss for the country.
The grave environmental issues have angered the environmental activists with many people protesting against the governmental bodies to improve the situation which could prove detrimental otherwise. Greta Thunberg a young activist from Sweden is an inspiration who is protesting and prompting organizations and nations to take firm steps to curb this menace. The answer to question is that “We are responsible for this menace and if the situation is not addressed effectively soon, we may be accustomed to pay for our deeds”. Let me take this opportunity as a student of Calcutta Business School to reiterate the fact that, Earth is ours, to every individual who resides here, hence no ‘single’ entity, organization or nation is responsible for mending earth’s future, but we as an individual need to together contribute to the cause and revive the Earth’s natural beauty.
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